Equal protection ranks among America’s most important constitutional rights. … A core purpose of the Equal Protection clause—when passed in 1868—was to eliminate discrimination against former slaves by state governments (and especially by the states of the former Confederacy).
How did the equal protection clause change the Constitution?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …
Who does the equal protection clause protect?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
What was one reason why the Equal Rights Amendment failed?
What was one reason why the equal rights amendment failed? Fewer women wanted to enter the workforce by the 1970s. Only seven states ratified the amendment in the allotted time. Many people feared potential unintended effects of the amendment because it was vaguely worded.
What does the US Constitution say about discrimination?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What does the US Constitution say about equality?
The 14th makes everyone born in the United States a citizen, entitled to equal protection in every state. “No State shall… deny to any person the equal protection of the laws.”
Who made the 14th Amendment?
Congressman John A. Bingham of Ohio, the primary author of the first section of the 14th amendment, intended that the amendment also nationalize the Federal Bill of Rights by making it binding upon the states.
Who invented due process?
“Due process” originated in 1215 with the English Magna Carta, an important provision of which was that no freeman would be deprived of certain rights except “by the judgment of his peers and by the law of the land.” This guarantee was later codified by Parliament in a series of statutes, one of which replaced “law of …