What is securitization in security studies?

Securitization in international relations and national politics is the process of state actors transforming subjects from regular political issues into matters of “security”: thus enabling extraordinary means to be used in the name of security.

What is securitisation criminology?

An innovative, interdisciplinary approach to criminological theory that incorporates philosophy, sociology, and political science, The Securitization of Society reveals how security is understood and enacted in urban environments today.

What is the point of securitisation?

By buying into the security, investors effectively take the position of the lender. Securitization allows the original lender or creditor to remove the associated assets from its balance sheets. With less liability on their balance sheets, they can underwrite additional loans.

What is the referent object in security?

A referent object, a central idea in securitisation, is the thing that is threatened and needs to be protected. … For example, in the societal sector, the referent object is identity, while the referent objects in the environmental sector are the ecosystem and endangered species.

Is securitization good or bad?

The benefit to financial institutions is that securitization frees up regulatory capital — the assets that banks are required to hold by their financial regulators to remain solvent. In addition, securitization can offer issuers higher credit ratings and lower borrowing costs.

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Which is a disadvantage of securitization?

Disadvantages of securitisation

it can be a complicated and expensive way of raising long-term capital – though less expensive than full share flotation. it may restrict the ability of your business to raise money in the future.

What are the features of securitization?

The salient features of the Securitisation Act are as under:

  • Incorporation of Special Purpose Vehicles viz. …
  • Securitisation of Financial Assets.
  • Funding of securitisation.
  • Asset Reconstruction.
  • Enforcing security interest i.e. taking over the assets given as security for the loan.

What is the difference between security and securitization?

Classical approaches of security focus on the material dispositions of the threat including distribution of power, military capabilities, and polarity, whereas securitization examines how a certain issue is transformed by an actor into a matter of security in order to allow for the use of extraordinary measures.

What do you mean by security?

Security means safety, as well as the measures taken to be safe or protected. … Often this word is used in compounds such as a security measure, security check or security guard. The security department in a business is sometimes just called security.

What is security Buzan?

Buzan`s definition is clear and saying that “security is pursuit of freedom from threats” (Buzan, 1991: 18), however the content itself of this concept remains obscure. … Making it explicit by eliminating its ambiguities and inconsistencies in the different uses is the sole purpose of the conceptual analysis.

What is meant by national security?

National security is the requirement to maintain the survival of the state through the use of economic power, diplomacy, power projection and political power. … Accordingly, in order to possess national security, a nation needs to possess economic security, energy security, environmental security, etc.

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What is speech act in securitization theory?

The speech act model is, therefore, born out of an attempt to propose the idea that securitization is a sustained strategic practice aimed at convincing a target audience to accept, based on what it knows about the world, the claim that a specific development (oral threat or event) is threatening enough to deserve an …