The Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause requires states to practice equal protection. Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially—not draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective.
What is the equal protection clause in simple terms?
: the clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits any state from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What does the equal protection clause protect quizlet?
It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.
Who does the equal protection clause protect?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
What is the equal protection clause and what does it guarantee?
Equal protection, in United States law, the constitutional guarantee that no person or group will be denied the protection under the law that is enjoyed by similar persons or groups. In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated.
How can the 14th Amendment be violated?
Washington , the U.S. Supreme Court rules that the due process clause of the 14th Amendment (which guarantees the right to a fair hearing that follows the rules) is violated when a state law fails to explain exactly what conduct is prohibited.
What is the equal protection clause What three tests are associated with discrimination in law quizlet?
The tests associated with legal discrimination are the reasonable-basis test and the strict-scrutiny test.
How does the equal protection clause protect individual rights and limit the powers of government?
How does the equal protection clause protect individual rights and limit the powers of government? It ensures that government cannot draw unreasonable distinctions between groups of people. When do judges apply the strict scrutiny test during judicial review?
What does the equal protection clause prohibit?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What are the 3 levels of scrutiny?
There are three judicial review tests: the rational basis test, the intermediate scrutiny test, and the strict scrutiny test. The intermediate scrutiny test and the strict scrutiny test are considered more stringent than the rational basis test.
What did the 14th amendment do?
Passed by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and ratified two years later, on July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons “born or naturalized in the United States,” including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws,” extending the provisions of …