Passive fire protection (PFP), despite its name, is always at work. Based on compartmentation of fire and preventing collapse through structural fire resistance, when properly installed and maintained, your building’s passive fire protection can save lives and assets, and the building itself.
What is the purpose of passive fire protection?
Passive Fire Protection is built into the structure to provide stability and into walls and floors to separate the building into areas of manageable risk – compartments. These areas are designed to restrict the growth and spread of fire allowing occupants to escape and offering protection for firefighters.
What are the components of passive fire protection systems?
Passive Fire Protection (PFP) is an integral component of the three components of structural, fire protection and fire safety in a building. PFP attempts to contain fires or slow down the spread through use of fire–resistant walls, floors and fire rated doors.
How does passive fire protection work?
Passive fire protection breaks the building into “compartments” and prevents the spread of fire through the use of fire-resistance rated walls and floors. It utilizes fire doors to help further compartmentalize the structure and dampers to prevent the spread of fire and smoke throughout the ducts of the building.
What is the difference between an active and a passive fire protection system?
In basic terms, Active fire protection is about detecting, stopping and escaping fire. Whereas passive fire protection means containing the fire and preventing it from spreading further.
What is the best defense against fire?
As always, the best defense against a fire is to be prepared. Take a moment to look at your fire extinguisher.
What is an example of a passive fire protection system?
By using fire-resistant walls and floors, PFP gives people time to escape from a building that has a fire. … Other examples of PFP include dampers which prevent the spread of fire and smoke through a building’s ductwork, and fire doors which compartmentalize fires.
What is an example of a way to avoid fire risks in the first place?
Make sure all of your fire protection equipment (ie fire extinguishers, control panels, etc.) are easily accessible. Also don’t block the fire sprinklers or fire alarms with anything, such as dust, debris or paint.
What are the basic fire protection systems?
Fire-protection and life safety systems include building exit systems, fire-alarm systems, and fire-suppression systems. … Passive fire protection involves the use of building components to control or limit a fire. Walls, floors, and ceilings can be designed and constructed to resist the passage of fire and smoke.
What are the 5 stages of fire safety risk assessment?
Fire risk assessments
- Identify the fire hazards.
- Identify people at risk.
- Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks.
- Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training.
- Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly.
What are the different types of fire protection systems?
Common Fire Protection Systems
- Wet Fire Sprinkler Systems. …
- Dry Pipe Systems. …
- Special Hazard Fire Protection Systems. …
- Dry Chemical Fire Suppression Systems. …
- Gaseous Fire Suppression Systems. …
- Foam Fire Suppression Systems.